Fortresses and Other Defensive Structures

Structures built as defense against attacks, usually fortified and occupied by military personnel.

Belém Tower

Lisbon, Lisboa Region, 1400-038, Portugal
Belém Tower (the Tower of St Vincent) is a fortified tower. It was commissioned by King John II in 1515 to be part of a defense system at the mouth of the Tagus river and a ceremonial gateway to

Casbah of Algiers

Algiers, Algeria
The Casbah is the citadel (a fortress that protects a town) of Algiers and the neighborhoods clustered around it. The Casbah played a central role during the Algerian struggle for independence (1954-1962).top


Setif Province, Algeria
Djemila is a mountain village where some of the best preserved Berbero-Roman ruins in North Africa are found. Under the name of Cuicul, the city was built during the first century A.D. as a military garrison. top

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh, Lothian, EH1 2NG, Scotland
Edinburgh Castle is a castle fortress which dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position atop the volcanic Castle Rock. Human habitation of the site is dated back as far as the 9th century

Fortaleza de San Fernando de Omoa

Omoa, Cortés Department, Honduras
The Spanish fort was involved in a battle with the British in October, 1779, because Spain became an ally of the United States. The craters from the British bombardment are still visible in the walls of the fort

Mont Saint-Michel

Manche Department, 50170, France
Mont Saint-Michel was used in the sixth and seventh centuries as an Armorican stronghold of Gallo-Roman culture and power until it was ransacked by the

Red Fort

New Delhi, Delhi, India
The Red Fort, constructed by Shah Jahan, was built as the fortified palace of Shahjahanabad, capital of the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in 1648. It was named for its massive enclosing walls of red

The Castle of Saint George

Lisbon, Lisboa, 1100-129, Portugal
The hilltop that the Castle of Saint George and its fortifications stand upon have served as a defensible outpost since Roman times. It was so well protected that it became a royal residence in

Popular Landmarks

Visit our sister site:
Visit Landmark: United States